The Integrations of Increased Growth in Renewable & Distributed Resources

The Integrations of Increased Growth in Renewable & Distributed Resources

In today’s news, there has been a recent conclusion from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) that we are on the right track in seeing the global temperatures currently rising by 1.5°C as early as 2030. With the recent United States government headed by President Trump, the latest National Climate Assessment also tells us that the absence of great reduction in the emission of greenhouse gases, the consequences of which (in terms of its annual economic consequences) is projected to reach by hundreds of billions of dollars at the end of this century. 

However, until recently, the sector of electricity was proven to be the largest source of greenhouse gas emissions in the United States alone. Though the combination of significant reductions and improved energy efficiency derived from the renewable and natural-gas generation has started to make the electricity sector emissions decline by a good 28% since last 2005. It is also cost-effective. However, this does not totally eliminate the problem. According to IPCC, the emissions in form of carbon dioxide gases should be reduced by 45% compared to the 2010 level for the next 12 years. This is to avoid the worst effect of climate changes happening around the globe. This will also likely requires the implementation of the electrification on other parts of the US economy. Specifically in the transportation sector which then now is United States’ main source of greenhouse gas emissions. 

In line with this and regardless of the big challenges ahead, the existing technology helps in the overall reduction of the greenhouse gas emissions. We now find that the solar generation has been continuously growing at good exponential rates. And it now produces as much as 60& to 70% of total electricity consumption in different & diverse markets such as California and the Southwest Power Pool. 

By repeating the mindless mantra that says “the sun doesn’t shine and the wind doesn’t blow all the time” it helps in the ignoring of the technologies we currently have today that addresses the different variability of the renewable energy resources. For example, some of the operational protocols and the coordination happening between greater regionals produces smoothened ebbs and flows of different variability in generation technologies. This also helps in the accommodation in different fluctuations happening in various demands. Also, the energy storage technologies existing today (such as batteries, pumped hydro, and compressed air) have the potential to increase the flexibility of the grid and it greatly reduces the electricity cost being produced during peak periods. 

In contrast to this, there is no possibility to achieve a decarbonized electric generation sector without the presence of a robust grid. Even if the United States possesses some of the best renewable energy resources there is, these are often placed on remote locations. The accessibility of these will require a significant investment that should happen in the long-haul transmission facilities. The development of these interregional transmission in the infrastructure has posted great potential in delivering billions of dollars worth in savings brought to consumers. Because of the reduction in congestion and releasing recent renewable projects trapped in synergy queues across United States. 

Different Ways on how to Leverage and Use the Power of Grid in Transitions

Different Ways on how to Leverage and Use the Power of Grid in Transitions

With the recent developments in the technology today, there is a transition that is happening from the perspective of a predictable grid – these comes with one of the few sources of energy that is happening when we monitor some of the control points to come up with a new dynamic monitoring system and control points. With this in mind, there are three categories in which we can effectively change the motivation for this transition: 

  1. the consumers’ low and decreased acceptance for power outages 
  1. the onset of increase in importance of cybersecurity 
  1. And the community’s genuine desire to have the employment of more renewable energy resources that can be used for electricity and consumption. 

With this in mind, these changes will definitely require greater effort from the grid and its other supporting systems. One of the most successful models in the resilience of yet flexible system is the existence of the internet. The architects are designed to withstand the definite losses of some of the network segments while continuing the main functionalities. 

As the community works for the global utility of the customers, we are now seeing many utilities that are starting to rethink and reshape the modern smart grid requirements. The emergence of this from the architectural construct is to meet the new divergent requirements while maintaining the most fundamental principles such as safety and reliability. 

However, in similarity of the internet, some of the modular federation of the existing microgrids from the architectural models increases its resilience to come up with broad possibilities in any given situation. Even if there are segments of the electrical and information networks that are now being non-operational. With this in mind, some of the microgrids are determined to have interconnection sections included in the grid even if there are intended to act within the central coordination. But this enables the said function to function locally especially when there are reconfigurations happening even if there are isolations caused by certain events. 

In some of the urban and suburban locations, reconfigurations are most common. However, while in rural, island or some developing areas. The existing sub systems may be isolated (electrically or from the central data communications) 

One of the main elements included in this transition is both of the electrical network and its other supporting information of network are now started to become more modular than ever. Each component should be able to stand the reconfiguration or the potential loss that may occur between the central connections. The effort should be continued even the functionality in the safest manner or way. 

As for the electrical grids that are becoming more diverse and dynamic, the support information and networks has now started to become even more mission-critical. During the isolation, some of the microgrids can now leverage the peer-to-peer communications and some of the distributed energy resources can now respond very quickly to ever-changing local conditions. 

The 21st Century’s Lighting Revolution: What is it all about? Part 2

The 21st Century’s Lighting Revolution: What is it all about? Part 2

The Department of Energy actually did was in last 2017, they stated that the number of light bulb classifications the Congress has explicitly stated are not included in the formal definition of the general service lamp. However, these classifications are now included. The lamps that are being included in classifications of specialty light bulbs are differentiated according to their special applications, sizes, and bulb shapes. 

To be more specific, DOE separated the incandescent reflector lamps, directional light bulb (this is commonly known as spot or flood lights used to focus lighting to a specific area) small decorative light bulbs that comes with different shapes of a candle flame, small globe round shape lamps, and light bulbs that are tubular shaped which are commonly used in orcherstra or furniture displays. 

With this in mind, the Department of Energy included the light bulbs that cannot be screwed or installed on the common general service lamp socket because they tend to have a smaller candelabra lamp base. They also have the intermediate sized bases for lamp bases that can come in a plug-shaped pin that can be also installed on a wall, ceiling or floor receptacles. The Congress never stated that these type of light bulbs are classified as general service lamps. 

With these facts together, it is not right to depend the alleged rollback for energy saving to be heavily dependent on the removal of incandescent versions of the mentioned specialty lamps just because of the illegal and misconstrued definition of a general service lamp. This claim is not cognizable. 

The Energy Savings Claim is Being Exaggerated. 

During the course of rulemaking about the general service lamps happened from 2014-2017, Department of Energy the congressional appropriations rider that has limited ability to allocate appropriated funds to effectively implement energy conservation rulings for these special type of incandescent lamps. This is done so that it could not be researched, collected, or even look at the data gathered about these lamps. 

In effect, the Department of Energy was going data blind that concerns about the general service incandescent lamps or other types of these lamps. Even if a citizen submitted information about these incandescent lamps to the department, DOE will not bother to even look at it. NEMA did this and DOE refused to even consider it. 

The importance of DOE’s restrictive interpretation, is it shows that the Department of Energy was not primarily concerned in effectively tracking an economic event that is currently taking place. The NEMA and other NGO bodies (from energy efficiency community) are heavily dependent on this interpretation. There is now a rapid adoption of LED lighting technology that leads the way to even more drastic decline in worldwide installations and shipments of incandescent lights happening since 20003.  

With this in mind, the general service lamp decline was now being tracked by the Department of Energy. However, the body failed to capture the effects of the recent decline, more so from recent years. The body’s estimates already ended in 2015, and they failed to capture a drastic fall in years 2016, 2017, and 2018.